The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a historical document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives of different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard to be achieved for all and for all. Nation’s. It sets out, for the first time, the fundamental human rights to be universally protected and has been translated into more than 500 languages. The UDHR was largely inspired and led to the adoption of more than seventy human rights treaties, which are now permanently implemented at the global and regional levels (all referring to them in their preambles). (Source ILO)
Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should treat one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set out in this declaration, without any distinction, such as race, skin color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status Distinctions are made because of the political, legal, or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is an independent country, a trust, a non-self-governing country, or a territory with some other limitation of sovereignty.
Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; Slavery and the slave trade are forbidden in any form.
Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 6 Everyone has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person before the law.
Article 7 All are equal before the law and entitled to the equal protection of the law without distinction. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination contrary to this Statement and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Article 8 Everyone has the right to an effective remedy in the competent national courts against acts violating fundamental rights granted to him by the constitution or by law.
Article 9 No one shall be arbitrarily arrested, imprisoned or exiled.
Article 10 Everyone has the right, in complete equality, to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, to determine his rights and obligations and to decide any criminal charges against him.
Article 11 Anyone charged with a criminal offense has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has received all the guarantees necessary for his defence. No one may be convicted of an act or omission which, at the time it was committed, did not constitute a criminal offense under domestic or international law. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than that which was applicable at the time the offense was committed.
Article 12 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his private life, family, home or correspondence, or attacks on his honor and reputation. Everyone is entitled to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Article 13 Everyone has the right to move and reside freely within the borders of any state. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including their own, and to return to their country.
Article 14 Everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries. This right cannot be exercised when the persecution actually arose out of non-political crimes or activities contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Article 15 Everyone has the right to a nationality. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of their nationality and no one shall be denied the right to change their nationality.
Article 16 Men and women of legal age have the right to marry and to found a family without any limitation based on race, nationality or religion. You are entitled to equal rights at marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage can only be entered into with the free and unconditional consent of the future spouses. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and deserves the protection of society and the state.
Article 17 Everyone has the right to own property alone or in association with others. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of his or her property.
Article 18 Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
Article 19 Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions freely and to communicate through any media, regardless of frontiers
Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.