Whether you know the Sanskrit word for ‘ecology and environment’ is ‘Paryavaran Grammatically this word is a conjunction of two words i.e., Purya’ which means a ‘round circle’ and ‘varan which means a ‘cover’ and, thus, ‘Paryavaran’ means a ‘cover around’ and this covers everything above the surface of the earth, obviously, this ‘avaran’ or ‘cover’ is the concern of the ecologists and environmentalists.

India has a long tradition of forfending and worshipping nature. Ever since Vedic times, the main motto of gregarious life was to have in harmony with nature. Sages, saints, and the great philosophers of India lived in forests and on mountains where they mediated and expressed in the form of Vedas and Upanishads. These archaic scriptures of the Hindu religion give a detailed description of trees, plants, and wildlife and their consequentiality to the community.

Even ancient people obviated the felling of trees without reason by levying sundry penalizations on the defaulters. Cutting away sprouts of trees and plants grown for fruits, flowers, and shades in gardens and in towns was liable to be penalized with a fine of six panas. A fine of twelve panas was levied for cutting down a minute branch. Axing down an astronomically immense branch invited a penalty of twenty-four panas. Cutting down the stem was penalized astringently. More astringent penalization was awarded if a plant was uprooted. Manu prescribed expiations of reciting the Vedic mantras to purify oneself in case one cuts down the herbs.

By kuvar

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